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J Biol Chem. 1996 Aug 9;271(32):19578-84.

Recombinant decorin glycoforms. Purification and structure.

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  • 1Center for Extracellular Matrix Biology, Institute of Biosciences and Technology, Texas A&M University, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.

Abstract

The vaccinia virus/T7 bacteriophage expression system was used to express human decorin in HT-1080 cells by co-infection with vTF7-3, encoding T7 RNA polymerase, and vDCN1, encoding the decorin core protein fused to a polyhistidine-insulin signal sequence fusion-protein cassette. Overexpression using the vaccinia virus/T7 phage system resulted in secretion of approximately 30 mg of decorin/10(9) cells per 24 h which enabled purification and separation of multiple glycoforms under native conditions. Cells were cultured in the presence of [35S]methionine or a mixture of [3H]glucosamine and [35S]sulfate, and recombinant glycoprotein purified by metal affinity chromatography which resolved the secreted decorin into two classes, a proteoglycan form and a core protein form. About 25% of the recombinant protein was secreted into the culture medium as core protein devoid of glycosaminoglycan chains. The decorin core protein was resolved into two forms (approximately 49 and approximately 53 kDa) that differed in the extent of N-linked oligosaccharide substitution (2 and 3 N-linked oligosaccharides, respectively). Deglycosylation of the recombinant proteoglycans and core proteins resulted in a single band migrating with an apparent molecular mass approximately 43 kDa when analyzed by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Far-UV circular dichroism spectra of native decorin proteoglycan showed a minima at 218 nm, consistent with a secondary structure that is predominantly beta-sheet. Circular dichroism spectra of bovine decorin extracted from articular cartilage and recombinant decorin similarly treated revealed a minima of 205 nm indicating a loss of secondary structure. The affinity of decorin proteoglycan and core protein for collagen-like molecules was demonstrated, with the complement component C1q exhibiting the most striking affinity for decorin, although adherence to collagen types I and V was also observed. The extensive secondary structure maintained in the purified recombinant protein is likely to be important for the biological function of decorin.

PMID:
8702652
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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