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Clin Chem. 1996 Aug;42(8 Pt 2):1330-6.

Epidemiology of illicit and abused drugs in the general population, emergency department drug-related episodes, and arrestees.

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  • 1Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Rockville, MD 20857, USA.


National trends in substance abuse are presented: the civilian noninstitutionalized general population; drug-related emergency department episodes; and booked arrestees. Major metropolitan differences are also noted. This study was based on the primary national data systems for these groups: The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, SAMHSA's Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN), and the National Institute of Justice Drug Use Forecasting (DUF) system. While the most prevalent drug differed in the three data sources, all three showed recent increases in marijuana. Despite the general decline in drug use seen in the general population, both the number of drug-related cases in the DAWN system and the drug use detected in the DUF arrestees showed recent increases.

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