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Hum Factors. 1996 Mar;38(1):87-100.

The impact of cross-training on team functioning: an empirical investigation.

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  • 1Naval Air Warfare Center, Orlando Florida 32826-3224, USA.


The effects of cross-training (presence vs. absence) and workload (high vs. low) on team processes, communication, and task performance were examined. Eighty male undergraduate students were randomly assigned to one of four training conditions: cross-training, low workload; cross-training, high workload; no cross-training, low workload; and no cross-training, high workload. Results indicated that cross-training was an important determinant of effective teamwork process, communication, and performance. Predicted interactions between cross-training and workload were not supported. Implications for the design and implementation of cross-training as a means to improve team functioning are discussed.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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