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Health Psychol. 1996 Mar;15(2):102-9.

Hypertension and neuropsychological performance in men: interactive effects of age.

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  • 1Department of Psychology, University of Maryland Baltimore County 21228-5398, USA.


Potentially interactive effects of hypertension and age on the performance of neuropsychological and information processing tests were examined in 123 untreated hypertensive and 50 normotensive men. After covarying education, average alcohol consumption, trait anxiety, and depression scores, results indicated an interaction of age and hypertension. Young hypertensive men (23-40 years) scored significantly worse than young normotensive men on tests of attention/executive function and working memory; middle-aged hypertensive (41-56 years) and normotensive participants were not distinguished by any measures. Hypertensive men performed significantly more poorly than normotensive men on tests of manual dexterity. Results suggest that neuropsychological sequelae of hypertension are more pronounced in young than in middle-aged hypertensive individuals and are independent of various demographic, psychosocial, and alcohol-related factors.

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