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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1996 May 20;1300(3):171-6.

15-Hydroperoxyeicosapentaenoic acid inhibits arachidonic acid metabolism in rabbit platelets more potently than eicosapentaenoic acid.

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  • 1Department of Hygienic Chemistry, Osaka University of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Japan.


The effect of 15-hydroperoxy-5,8,11,13,15-eicosapentaenoic acid (15-HPEPE), a hydroperoxy adduct of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), on the formation of 12-hydroxy-5,8,10,14-eicosatetraenoic acid (12-HETE), thromboxane (TX) B2 and 12-hydroxy-5,8,10-heptadecatrienoic acid (HHT) from exogenous arachidonic acid in washed rabbit platelets was examined. 15-HPEPE inhibited 12-HETE, TXB2 and HHT formation at concentrations ranging from 2 to 8 microM. The inhibitory effect of 15-HPEPE was dose-dependent (12-HETE, 16.0-82.9% inhibition; TXB2, 16.7-57.2% inhibition; HHT, 4.6-52.0% inhibition). EPA inhibited the production of these three metabolites, but the inhibitory effect was kept low (20-100 microM: 12-HETE, 8.3-31.1% inhibition; TXB2, 18.9-49.5% inhibition; HHT, 12.5-41.7% inhibition) as compared with 15-HPEPE. Experiments utilizing 15-hydroxy-5,8,11,13,15-eicosapentaenoic acid and hydroxyl radical scavengers (dimethyl sulfoxide and mannitol) revealed that 15-HPEPE exerted its effect in the form of the hydroperoxy adduct. These results suggest that 15-HPEPE has the potential to modulate the activities of the cyclo-oxygenase and 12-lipoxygenase in platelets. This may also be one convincing mechanism for the anti-thrombotic and anti-atherosclerotic actions of EPA.

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