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Br J Anaesth. 1996 Jan;76(1):116-21.

Effects of 3 MAC of halothane, enflurane and isoflurane on cilia beat frequency of human nasal epithelium in vitro.

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  • 1University Department of Anaesthesia, Leicester Royal Infirmary.

Abstract

We have measured the effects of three times the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of halothane, enflurane and isoflurane on cilia beat frequency of human nasal epithelial brushings from 18 healthy adult patients. Using the transmitted light technique and paired perfusion chambers, the cilia were exposed to 2.25% halothane, 5% enflurane or 3.6% isoflurane in air, or air alone, in a controlled and blinded manner. Over a 4-h observation period, cilia beat frequency of the samples exposed to inhalation anaesthetic agents demonstrated a significant reduction in frequency compared with controls exposed to air alone. Mean cilia beat frequency for the samples exposed to halothane was 9.3 (SEM 1.3) compared with its controls of 11.4 (1.0); for the samples exposed to enflurane, 10.9 (1.3) compared with its controls of 11.6 (1.2); and for the samples exposed to isoflurane, 10.8 (1.1) compared with its controls of 11.6 (1.2). There was a statistically significant difference between the samples exposed to all three volatile agents and their associated controls (halothane, P = 0.01; enflurane, P = 0.03; isoflurane, P = 0.01; nested repeated measures analysis of variance utilizing polynomial contrasts).

PMID:
8672352
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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