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Ann Emerg Med. 1996 Jul;28(1):55-74.

Rapid-sequence intubation of the pediatric patient. Pediatric Emergency Medicine Committee of the American College of Emergency Physicians.

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  • 1Saint Barnabas Medical Center, Livingston, New Jersey, USA.


Airway compromise is the most common cause of death and severe morbidity in acutely ill and injured children. Rapid-sequence intubation (RSI) is a technique for emergency airway control designed to maximize successful endotracheal intubation while minimizing the adverse physiologic effects of this procedure. RSI requires familiarity with patient evaluation, airway-management techniques, sedation agents, neuromuscular blocking agents, additional adjunctive agents, and postintubation management techniques. Emergency physicians should use RSI techniques in the endotracheal intubation of critically ill children.

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