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Hepatology. 1996 Apr;23(4):904-8.

Defect of multidrug-resistance 3 gene expression in a subtype of progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis.

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  • 1UnitĂ© INSERM U 347, le Kremlin BicĂȘtre, France.


Disruption of the murine mdr2 (multidrug-resistance) gene, which encodes a phosphatidylcholine flippase, leads to a hepatic disorder because of loss of biliary phospholipid secretion. Among the hereditary human cholestasis, a subtype of progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis with high gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase (GGT) serum activity shares histological, biochemical, and genetic features with mice lacking mdr2 gene expression (mdr2 -/- mice). No MDR3 (human mdr2 homolog) messenger RNA (mRNA) was detected by Northern blotting in the liver of a patient suffering from this form of PFIC, and the biliary phospholipid level in a second patient was substantially decreased. Thus, the absence of the MDR3 P-glycoprotein may be responsible for this type of PFIC, which, as in the murine model, may be due to a toxic effect of bile acids on the biliary epithelium in absence of biliary phospholipids.

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