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Biochemistry. 1996 Apr 16;35(15):5083-92.

The interaction of coumarin antibiotics with fragments of DNA gyrase B protein.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, University of Leicester, U.K.


DNA gyrase is the target of the coumarin group of antibacterial agents. The drugs are known to inhibit the ATPase activity of gyrase and bind to the 24-kDa N-terminal subdomain of gyrase B protein. Supercoiling assays with intact DNA gyrase and ATPase assays with a 43-kDa N-terminal fragment of the B protein suggest that the drugs bind tightly, with Kd values <10(-7) M. In addition, the ATPase data suggest that 1 coumermycin molecule interacts with 2 molecules of the 43-kDa protein while the other coumarins form a 1:1 complex. This result is confirmed by cross-linking experiments. Rapid gel-filtration experiments show that the binding of ADPNP(5'-adneylyl beta,gamm-imidodiphosphate) and coumarins to the 43-kDa protein is mutally exclusive, consistent with a competitive mode of action for the drugs. Rapid gel-filtration binding experiments using both the 24-and 43-kDa proteins also show that the drugs bind with association rate constants of >10(5) M-1.s-1, and dissociation rate constants of approximately 3x10(-3)s-1 and approximately 4x10(-3)s-1 for the 43-and 24-kDa proteins, respectively. Titration calorimetry shows that the Kd values for coumarins binding to both proteins are approximately 10-8M and that binding is enthalpy driven.

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