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Genomics. 1996 Jul 15;35(2):361-6.

New variants of the human and rat nuclear hormone receptor, TR4: expression and chromosomal localization of the human gene.

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  • 1Unit on Gene Mapping and Expression, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland, 20892, USA.


TR4 is a new member of the nuclear hormone receptor family. This receptor is highly conserved in rat and human, but an in-frame insertion of 19 amino acid residues in the amino-terminal (A/B) region was found in the human homolog, which we refer to as hTR4alpha1. By reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) we have identified a human TR4 mRNA (hTR4alpha2) that is analogous in size and sequence to the reported rat TR4. RT-PCR analysis using total RNA derived from various rat tissues revealed a new rat TR4 transcript, referred to as rTR4alpha1, which is homologous to hTR4alpha1 since it contains the extra 19 amino acids in the A/B region. The two rat transcripts showed a differential tissue distribution. Analysis of the exon-intron organization of the hTR4 A/B region showed that the 19-amino-acid peptide insert in hTR4alpha1 was encoded by a separate exon, indicating that hTR4alpha1 and hTR4alpha2 transcripts were produced by the differential usage of the exon. RT-PCR analysis revealed that both hTR4alpha1 and hTR4alpha2 were detectable in brain, placenta, and ovary. In contrast, the human ovarian cancer cell line, PA1, failed to express hTR4alpha1. By fluorescence in situ hybridization, we have mapped the hTR4 gene to 3p25, a region deleted in some forms of cancer.

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