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Mol Cell Biol. 1996 Apr;16(4):1832-41.

Characterization of an essential Orc2p-associated factor that plays a role in DNA replication.

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  • 1Department of Cell Biology and Physiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA.


The Saccharomyces cerevisiae Orc2 protein is a subunit of the origin recognition complex, ORC, which binds in a sequence-specific manner to yeast origins of DNA replication. With screens for orc2-1 synthetic lethal mutations and Orc2p two-hybrid interactors, a novel Orc2p-associated factor (Oaf1p) was identified. OAF1 is essential, its gene product is localized to the nucleus, and an oaf1 temperature-sensitive mutant arrests as large budded cells with a single nucleus. The mutant oaf1-2, isolated in the synthetic lethal screen, loses plasmids containing a single origin of DNA replication at a high rate, but it maintains plasmids carrying multiple potential origins of DNA replication. In addition, the OAF1 gene product tagged with the hemagglutinin antigen epitope binds to a DNA affinity column containing covalently linked tandem repeats of an essential origin element. These results suggest a role for OAFI in the initiation of DNA replication. Mutant alleles of cdc7 and cdc14 were also isolated in the orc2-1 synthetic lethal screen. Cdc7p, like Oaf1p, also interacts with Orc2p in two-hybrid assays.

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