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J Am Diet Assoc. 1996 Jun;96(6):570-3.

Meals-on-wheels applicants are a population at risk for poor nutritional status.

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  • 1General Clinical Research Center at Stanford University Medical Center, Calif 94305, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To identify older adults with poor nutritional status among the independent-living elderly applying for meals-on-wheels, and to compare how a self-assessment tool and more traditional criteria identify nutritional risk.

DESIGN:

Descriptive study.

SUBJECTS/SETTING:

Meals-on-wheels applicants (n = 230 between 60 and 90 years of age (mean age = 77.4 +/- 7 years) who were free from terminal illness. Nutrition assessment data were collected in the home of each participant.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Risk assessment for poor nutritional status was determined using anthropometric, dietary, and laboratory data and with a Nutrition Screening Initiative (NSI) self-assessment tool-the "DETERMINE Your Nutritional Health" checklist.

STATISTICAL ANALYSES:

Differences were assessed using Student's t test for unpaired data.

RESULTS:

Seventy-four percent of study participants were found to be at risk for poor nutritional status according to the study criteria, and 98% were at risk for poor nutritional status according to the NSI self-assessment tool.

CONCLUSIONS:

The majority of the applicants for meals-on-wheels were at risk for poor nutritional status. Thus, many independent-living older adults may need additional nutrition assessment and intervention to remain independent and in good nutritional status.

PMID:
8655903
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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