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Neurology. 1996 Jun;46(6):1684-90.

Topiramate placebo-controlled dose-ranging trial in refractory partial epilepsy using 200-, 400-, and 600-mg daily dosages. Topiramate YD Study Group.

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  • 1Department of Neurology, University of Alabama School of Medicine, Birmingham 35294-0021, USA.


We conducted a randomized double-blind comparison of three doses of the novel antiepileptic drug (AED) topiramate (200, 400, and 600 mg/day) and placebo as adjunctive therapy in patients with refractory partial onset epilepsy receiving one or two other AEDs at therapeutic concentrations. A total of 181 patients completed the 12-week baseline phase and were randomized to double-blind therapy. Median percent reductions from baseline in average monthly seizure rate, the principal efficacy evaluation, were 13% for placebo, 30% for topiramate 200 mg/day, 48% for topiramate 400 mg/day, and 45% for topiramate 600 mg/day. For the seizure rate comparison of active drug to placebo p values were: topiramate 200 mg/day, p = 0.051; topiramate 400 mg/day, p = 0.007; topiramate 600 mg/day, p < 0.001. Percent responders ( > or = 50% reduction in seizure rates) were 18% for placebo, 27% for topiramate 200 mg/day, 47% for topiramate 400 mg/day (p = 0.013), and 46% for topiramate 600 mg/day (p = 0.027). A significant (p = 0.003) reduction in secondarily generalized seizures compared with placebo treatment was also documented with topiramate. Topiramate plasma concentrations were closely related to dosage, and there were no significant interactions between topiramate and other AEDs. The minimal effective dose of topiramate in this study population was approximately 200 mg/day. Mild or moderate CNS symptoms were the primary treatment-emergent adverse events, but treatment-limiting adverse events occurred in only 9% of patients given topiramate compared with 7% given placebo. Results of this initial well-controlled study in patients indicate that topiramate is a very promising new AED.

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