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J Biol Chem. 1996 May 24;271(21):12496-501.

Identification of residues 99, 220, and 221 of human cytochrome P450 2C19 as key determinants of omeprazole activity.

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  • 1NIEHS, National Institute of Health, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA

Abstract

Human P450 2C19 is selective for 4'-hydroxylation of S-mephenytoin and 5-hydroxylation of omeprazole, while the structurally homologous P450 2C9 has low activity toward these substrates. To identify the critical amino acids that determine the specificity of human amino acids that determine the specificity of human P450 2C19, we constructed chimeras of p450 2C9 replacing various proposed substrate binding sites (SRS) with those of P450 2C19 and then replaced individual residues of P450 2C19 and then replaced individual residues of P450 2C9 by site-directed mutagenesis. The 339 NH2-terminal amino acid residues (SRS-1-SRS-4) and amino acids 160-383 (SRS-2-SRS-5) of P450 2C19 conferred omeprazole 5-hydroxylase activity to P450 2C9. In contract, the COOH terminus of P450 2C19 (residues 340-490 including SRS-5 and SRS-6), residues 228-339 (SRS-3 and SRS-4) and residues 292-383 (part of SRS-4 and SRS-5) conferred only modest increases in activity. A single mutation Ile99 --> His increased omeprazole 5-hydroxylase to approximately 51% of that of P450 2C19. A chimera spanning residues 160-227 of P450 2C19 also exhibited omeprazole 5-hydroxylase activity which was dramatically enhanced by the mutation Ile99 --> His. A combination of two mutations, Ile99 --> His and Ser200 --> Pro, converted P450 2C9 to an enzyme with a turnover number of omeprazole 5-hyrdroxylation, which resembled that of P450 /c19. Mutation of Pro221 --> Thr enhanced this activity. Residue 99 is within SRS-1, but amino acids 220 and 221 are in the F-G loop and outside any known SRS. Mutation of these three amino acids did not confer significant S-mephenytoin 4'-hydroxylase activity to P450 2C9, although chimeras containing SRS-1-SRS-4 and SRS-2-SRS-5 of P450 2C19 exhibited activity toward this substrate. Our results thus indicate that amino acids 99, 220, and 221 are key residues that determine the specificity of P450 2C19 for omeprazole.

PMID:
8647857
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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