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Am J Hum Genet. 1996 Apr;58(4):671-81.

Glycine substitutions in the triple-helical region of type VII collagen result in a spectrum of dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa phenotypes and patterns of inheritance.

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  • 1Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA 19107-5541, USA.

Abstract

The dystrophic forms of epidermolysis bullosa (DEB) are characterized by fragility of the skin and mucous membranes. DEB can be inherited in either an autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive pattern, and the spectrum of clinical severity is highly variable. The unifying diagnostic hallmark of DEB is abnormalities in the anchoring fibrils, which consist of type VII collagen, and, recently, mutations in the corresponding gene, COL7A1, have been disclosed in a number of families. In this study, we report six families with glycine substitution mutations in the triple-helical region of type VII collagen. Among the six families, two demonstrated a mild phenotype, and the inheritance of the mutation was consistent with the dominantly inherited form of DEB. In the four other families, the mutation was silent in the heterozygous state but, when present in the homozygous state, or combined with a second mutation, resulted in a recessively inherited DEB phenotype. Type VII collagen is, therefore, unique among the collagen genes, in that different glycine substitutions can be either silent in heterozygous individuals or result in a dominantly inherited DEB. Inspection of the locations of the glycine substitutions along the COL7A1 polypeptide suggests that the consequences of these mutations, in terms of phenotype and pattern of inheritance, are position independent.

PMID:
8644729
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1914674
Free PMC Article
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