Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Virol. 1996 Apr;70(4):2394-402.

A recombinant adenovirus expressing an Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) target antigen can selectively reactivate rare components of EBV cytotoxic T-lymphocyte memory in vitro.

Author information

  • 1Cancer Research Campaign, Institute for Cancer Studies, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom.


While the bulk of a virus-induced cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) response may focus on a few immunodominant viral antigens, in certain tumor virus systems the detectability of clones recognizing other, subdominant antigens can assume particular importance. By using the human CTL response to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) as a model system, here we show that even rare components of virus-specific memory can be selectively reactivated in vitro when the relevant target antigen is expressed in autologous stimulator cells from a recombinant adenovirus (RAd) vector. We generated a replication-deficient adenovirus, RAd-E3C, which in skin fibroblast cultures expressed the EBV nuclear antigen EBNA3C at a 10- to 100-fold-higher level than that naturally present in EBV-transformed lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs). Initial experiments with a donor whose polyclonal CTL response to LCL stimulation contained a strong EBNA3C-specific component showed that these CTLs could be efficiently reactivated by in vitro stimulation either with RAd-E3C-infected fibroblasts or with RAd-E3C-infected peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Then we studied donors whose responses to LCL stimulation contained little if any detectable EBNA3C reactivity but were dominated by clones recognizing other EBV target antigens; in vitro stimulation with RAd-E3C-infected peripheral blood mononuclear cells selectively reactivated EBNA3C-specific CTL clones from these individuals, with the epitope specificities of responses subsequently identified at the peptide level. This RAd-based approach could be applied more generally to screen for human CTL responses against any candidate target antigen expressed by tumor cells.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk