Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1996 May 15;208(10):1702-4.

Use of corticosteroids alone or combined with glucose to treat ketosis in dairy cows.

Author information

  • 1Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare relative efficacy of dexamethasone and flumethasone alone or in combination with rapid IV infusion of glucose for treatment of ketosis in cattle.

DESIGN:

Clinical trial.

ANIMALS:

127 cows with urine acetoacetate concentration > or = 60 mg/dl.

PROCEDURE:

Cows were treated with 500 ml of 50% glucose solution. IV, and 40 mg of dexamethasone, IM (group 1), 40 mg of dexamethasone, IM (group 2), 5 mg of flumethasone (group 3), or 500 ml of 50% glucose solution, IV, and 5 mg of flumethasone (group 4). Treatment success was defined as recovery after a single treatment without relapse during the same lactation. Uterine disease (retained placenta or metritis), parity, and pretreatment plasma glucose, serum beta-hydroxybutyric acid, and urine acetoacetate concentrations were evaluated as possible confounding factors affecting recovery.

RESULTS:

Only uterine disease was found to have a significant effect on recovery. Treatments 1 and 4 were significantly more efficacious than was treatment 2, but efficacy of treatment 2 was not significantly different from that of treatment 3. Regardless of treatment, cows with uterine disease were less likely to have a successful outcome than were cows without uterine disease. In all treatment groups, plasma glucose concentration increased and serum beta-hydroxybutyric acid and urine acetoacetate concentrations decreased following treatment.

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS:

In this study, treatment of ketosis in dairy cattle with a corticosteriod alone was less efficacious than treatment with glucose and a corticosteroid.

PMID:
8641955
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk