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Int J Artif Organs. 1996 Jan;19(1):18-35.

Mass transfer limitations to the performance of membrane bioartificial liver support devices.

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  • 1Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Calabria, Arcavacata di Rende (CS), Italy.


A number of membrane bioartificial devices have been proposed for liver support. However, their design does not yet ensure the successful treatment of acute liver insufficiency. In this paper, the Author reviews the limitations of the mass transport phenomena to the performance of a membrane bioartificial liver support device. First of all the requirements that an optimal membrane bioartificial liver support device has to meet for the therapy to be effective are presented. On these grounds, the issues that are still to be addressed to optimize the performance of such devices are discussed: particular attention is devoted to the mass transport phenomena in each region of the membrane bioartificial device. Finally, the main transport features of the membrane bioartificial liver support devices proposed so far are illustrated and examined.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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