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Ann Thorac Surg. 1996 May;61(5):1464-8; discussion 1468-9.

Lung volume reduction surgery: lessons learned.

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  • 1Division of General Thoracic Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30308, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The concept of lung volume reduction for generalized emphysema was proposed by Brantigan and associates in 1958 and reintroduced by Cooper and colleagues in 1994. The present study presents lessons learned from an 18-month experience.

METHODS:

From August 1, 1994, to August 1, 1995, 53 patients underwent lung volume reduction at Emory University for generalized emphysema. There were 17 women and 36 men ranging in age from 55 to 75 years. The length of stay ranged from 10 to 59 days. At the time of presentation, 47 patients were receiving oxygen and 35 were receiving steroids. Forty-six patients were operated on using a median sternotomy and 7 through a unilateral thoracotomy. All patients underwent preoperative and postoperative pulmonary rehabilitation.

RESULTS:

There was one early death and four late deaths. Lessons learned from this group of patients are presented.

CONCLUSIONS:

Lung volume reduction surgery remains a sea of relatively uncharted waters, with the future direction yet to be determined.

Comment in

  • Operation for emphysema. [Ann Thorac Surg. 1997]
PMID:
8633960
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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