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J Biol Chem. 1996 May 3;271(18):10425-8.

GABP mediates insulin-increased prolactin gene transcription.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, New York University Medical Center, New York, USA.


The insulin-response element from the prolactin gene is identical to the Ets-binding site, and dominant-negative Ets protein inhibits insulin-increased prolactin gene expression. Immunoblotting identified the Ets-related transcription factor GABP in nuclear extracts from GH cells. Expression of GABP alpha and GABP beta 1 squelches insulin-increased prolactin gene expression. GABP alpha and GABP beta 1 bind the insulin-response element of the prolactin promoter, and anti-GABP alpha and anti-GABP beta 1 antibodies supershift a species seen with nuclear extracts from GH cells. GABP alpha immunoprecipitated from insulin-treated, 32P-labeled GH cells was phosphorylated 3-fold more than GABP alpha from control cells. There was no increase in phosphorylation of GABP beta in response to insulin. Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase activity is increased 10-fold in insulin-treated GH4 cells. MAP kinase immunoprecipitated from control cells does not phosphorylate GABP alpha while MAP kinase immunoprecipitated from insulin-treated cells shows substantial phosphorylation of GABP alpha. These studies suggest that GABP mediates insulin-increased transcription of the prolactin gene. GABP may be regulated by MAP kinase phosphorylation.

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