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Arch Pathol Lab Med. 1996 Mar;120(3):267-9.

Immunohistochemical observation of foci of muscle actin-positive tumor cells in meningiomas.

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  • 1Department of Neurosurgery, Kansai Medical University, Moriguchi, Osaka, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

It has been suggested that muscle actin is expressed in some meningiomas. The purpose of this study was to examine this hypothesis in a large number of meningiomas and to examine possible explanations for this expression.

DESIGN:

Sixty-five meningiomas were examined using immunohistochemistry for muscle actin. Meningiomas with foci of muscle actin-positive cells (n = 6) were further examined using monoclonal antibodies for desmin, epithelial membrane antigen, cytokeratin, and von Willebrand factor. These specimens were also stained for reticulin.

SETTING:

All tissues were obtained from surgical biopsy specimens at a large academic medical center.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Meningioma cells were considered to express muscle actin if the expression was shown to localize specifically in meningothelial cells and whorls that were also positive for epithelial membrane antigen.

RESULTS:

Seventeen of 65 meningiomas were shown to contain muscle actin-positive cells. Scattered cells were positive in 11 cases, and in the remaining six cases we observed foci of muscle actin-positive cells, which had a propensity to form cellular whorls. These foci expressed epithelial membrane antigen, but stains for desmin, cytokeratin, von Willebrand factor, and reticulin were negative.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our findings suggest that meningioma cells elaborate muscle actin without showing differentiation into specific cell types.

PMID:
8629902
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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