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J Biol Chem. 1996 Apr 5;271(14):8053-6.

Transcriptional regulation of squalene epoxidase by sterols and inhibitors in HeLa cells.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Niigata University School of Medicine, Niigata 951, Japan.

Abstract

Regulation of squalene epoxidase (SE) gene expression was studied in comparison with those of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) reductase and low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor. An increased expression of SE mRNA and protein content in mouse L929 cells grown in 10% lipoprotein-deficient fetal bovine serum (LPDS) for 48 h was found by performing immunoblot and Northern blot analyses when compared with the culture in the presence of fetal bovine serum (FBS). The same results in mRNA levels were seen using human cell lines HepG2, HeLa, and Chang liver cells. The increase of SE mRNA in HeLa cells grown in LPDS was preventable in a dose-dependent manner by feeding cells with 25-hydroxycholesterol or cholesterol. When an SE inhibitor, NB-598, was fed to HeLa cells grown in LPDS, it caused further increases in mRNA levels of SE, HMG-CoA reductase, and LDL receptor. In contrast, NB-598 had no effect on the message levels of these genes when fed to HeLa cells grown in FBS. These results suggest that sterol produced endogenously can also regulate SE expression at the level of transcription.

PMID:
8626488
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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