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Cancer. 1996 Jan 15;77(2):344-51.

Comparison between a cisplatin-containing regimen and a carboplatin-containing regimen for recurrent or metastatic bladder cancer patients. A randomized phase II study.

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  • 1Medical Oncology Division, University of Siena, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of this randomized Phase II study was to compare the efficacy and toxicity of a cisplatin-containing regimen with a carboplatin-containing regimen for patients with recurrent or metastatic bladder cancer.

METHODS:

Fifty-seven patients with recurrent or metastatic bladder cancer were randomized to receive M-VEC treatment (methotrexate, vinblastine, epirubicin, and cisplatin) (n = 29) or M-VECa treatment (methotrexate, vinblastine, epirubicin, and carboplatin) (n = 28). The chemotherapy was scheduled at 28-day intervals. Recombinant granulocyte-colony stimulating factors were administered daily when the absolute neutrophil count fell below 1000/mm3. The development of ototoxicity was evaluated by measuring auditory brain stem response.

RESULTS:

Of the 57 entered patients, 55 were evaluable for response and toxicity. The overall clinical response rate was 71% (with 25% complete responses) in the M-VEC group and 41% (with 11% complete responses) in the M-VECa group (P = 0.04). M-VEC chemotherapy was associated with more pronounced side effects. There was a statistically significant difference between M-VEC and M-VECa in terms of gastrointestinal toxicity (P = 0.04), nephrotoxicity (P = 0.03), and neurotoxicity (P = 0.02) during Cycle 3 of chemotherapy. Leukopenia and neutropenia were worse in the M-VECa arm, but not significantly so (P = 0.4). Ototoxicity was only detected in one of seven examined M-VEC patients after two cycles of chemotherapy.

CONCLUSIONS:

M-VECa has a low level of gastrointestinal, renal, neurologic, and otologic toxicity, but is apparently less effective than M-VEC in the treatment of recurrent or metastatic bladder cancer. However, a larger, randomized Phase III trial is needed to confirm these results.

PMID:
8625244
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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