Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Eur J Biochem. 1996 Apr 1;237(1):311-7.

A (G+C)-rich motif in the aldolase C promoter functions as a constitutive transcriptional enhancer element.

Author information

  • 1Institute for Genetics, University of Cologne, Germany.


The enzyme fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase consists of three isozymes that are expressed in a tissue-specific manner. Using antibodies against aldolase B and C, it is shown that aldolase C is expressed in virtually all neuronal cell lines derived from the central and peripheral nervous system. Recently, experiments with transgenic mice indicated that a (G+C)-rich region of the aldolase C promoter might function as a neuron-specific control element of the rat aldolase C gene [Thomas, M., Makeh, I., Briand, P., Kahn, A. & Skala, H. (1993) Eur. J. Biochem. 218, 143-151). To functionally analyse this element, a plasmid consisting of four copies of this (G+C)-rich sequence, a TATA box, and the rabbit beta-globin gene as reporter was constructed. This plasmid was transfected into neuronal and nonneuronal cell lines and transcription was monitored by RNase protection mapping of the beta-globin mRNA. It is shown that the (G+C)-rich element of the aldolase C promoter directs transcription in neuronal as well as in nonneuronal cells. In contrast, the synapsin I promoter, used as a control for neuron-specific gene expression, directed transcription only in neuronal cells. In gel-retardation assays, two major DNA-protein complexes were detected with the (G+C)-rich element of the aldolase C promoter used as a DNA probe and nuclear extracts from brain and liver as a source for DNA-binding proteins. These DNA-proteins interactions could be impaired by a DNA probe that contained an Sp1-binding site, indicating that Sp1 or an Sp1-related factor binds to the aldolase C promoter (G+C)-rich element. This was confirmed by supershift analysis with antibodies specific for Sp1. The zinc finger transcription factor zif268/egr-1, also known to recognize a (G+C)-rich consensus site, did not, however, bind to the (G+C)-rich motif of the aldolase C promoter, nor could it stimulate transcription in transactivation assays from this control region. From these data, we conclude that the (G+C)-rich element of the aldolase C promoter functions as a constitutive transcriptional response element mediated by Sp1 and Sp1-related transcription factors.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk