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Arch Fam Med. 1996 Mar;5(3):146-52.

An intervention for preventing alcohol use among inner-city middle school students.

Author information

  • 1Center for Alcohol and Drug Abuse Prevention and Health Promotion, College of Health, University of North Florida, Jacksonville, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the effectiveness of a brief, school-based intervention for preventing alcohol use.

DESIGN AND SETTING:

Randomized, control trial assigning inner-city public school students to an intervention program or a comparison program.

PARTICIPANTS:

Sixth, seventh, and eighth grade students in Jacksonville, Fla (N=104).

INTERVENTIONS:

Students assigned to the intervention program were given a self-instructional module and corresponding audiotape, a health consultation with a physician or nurse, and a follow-up consultation with a trained peer health model.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Alcohol consumption during the month after the intervention and students' assessments of the interventions were measured.

RESULTS:

Students' t tests showed participants were more satisfied with physician or nurse consultations than with peer consultations or the self-instructional module and audiotapes (P=.05). Analysis of covariance tests showed significant main effects for 30-day quantity of alcohol use (F=5.15, P=.02), with intervention students reporting less alcohol consumption at follow-up than comparison students, and for 30-day frequency of alcohol use (F=5.92,P=.01) with intervention students again showing less frequent use at follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS:

A multicomponent, school-based intervention using print and audiotape media, brief physician or nurse consultations, and follow-up peer contacts holds promise in altering short-term alcohol use and selected behavioral factors among inner-city youth.

PMID:
8620255
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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