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Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1995 Oct;39(10):2258-61.

Effect of a bacterial lipopolysaccharide on biliary excretion of a beta-lactam antibiotic, cefoperazone, in rats.

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  • 1Department of Hospital Pharmacy, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Japan.


Klebsiella pneumoniae O3 lipopolysaccharide (LPS) has been found to dramatically modify the pharmacokinetics of the beta-lactam antibiotic cefazolin in rats. This study investigated the effect of LPS on the biliary excretion of the beta-lactam antibiotic cefoperazone (CPZ) in rats. CPZ is known to be actively secreted into the bile by a carrier-mediated transport system. LPS (250 micrograms/kg of body weight) was infused for 20 to 30 min 2 h before an intravenous administration of CPZ (20 mg/kg). The pharmacokinetic parameters of CPZ were estimated by a noncompartment model. LPS induced a significant decrease in the systemic clearance (by approximately 50%) and an increase in the mean residence time of CPZ. Significant decreases were also seen in the bile flow rate and in the biliary recovery of unchanged CPZ in the LPS-treated rats. LPS tended to increase the proportion of urinary excretion of CPZ. LPS significantly decreased the biliary clearance (by approximately 55%) and renal clearance (by approximately 35%) of CPZ. However, no changes in the volume of distribution at steady state for CPZ were observed between the treatment groups. Our findings suggest that LPS induces changes in the pharmacokinetics of CPZ as a result of changes occurring in the biliary secretory system.

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