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Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1996 Apr;153(4 Pt 1):1431-6.

Balance between alveolar macrophage IL-6 and TGF-beta in lung-transplant recipients. Marseille and Montréal Lung Transplantation Group.

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  • 1Chest Medicine and Allergy Department, U INSERM 387, St.-Marguerite Hospital, Marseilles, France.

Abstract

Acute inflammation in the lung is characterized by a phase of tissue injury followed by a phase of tissue repair. When the latter is excessive, fibrosis occurs. Alveolar macrophages (AM) can produce cytokines involved in both phases of acute lung inflammation, notably interleukin-6 (IL-6), involved in injury and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), mediating repair. We hypothesized that AM were activated in both phases, and studied IL-6 and TGF-beta production by AM during complications of lung transplantation, acute rejection (AR), and cytomegalovirus pneumonitis (CMVP). In addition, we analyzed these cytokines in bronchiolitis obliterans (BO), a fibrotic complication of lung transplantation linked to previous AR and CMVP. At the onset of AR and CMVP, IL-6 secretion increased, whereas AM TGF-beta content was increased, but not its secretion. In contrast, with time, IL-6 reached control value whereas TGF-beta secretion rose significantly. In BO, IL-6 was not oversecreted, but TGF-beta increased, notably before functional abnormalities occurred. These results show that during acute complications of lung transplantation, AM display an early activation with oversecretion of IL-6, which is involved in tissue injury, counterbalanced by a late activation in which TGF-beta predominates, mediating tissue repair. The results provide new insights into the pathogenesis of BO, which is linked to acute complications of lung transplantation through this biphasic AM activation.

PMID:
8616577
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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