Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Gastroenterology. 1996 May;110(5):1395-403.

Intestinal permeability changes in response to acetylsalicylic acid in relatives of patients with Crohn's disease.

Author information

  • 1Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Presence of a familial intestinal permeability defect in Crohn's disease remains controversial despite numerous studies. The purpose of this study was to determine whether detection of a permeability defect in first-degree relatives of patients with Crohn's disease can be enhanced using an acetylsalicylic acid provocation test.

METHODS:

Lactulose-mannitol ratio, a measure of intestinal permeability, and total sucrose excretion, a measure of gastroduodenal permeability, were determined before and after ingestion of acetylsalicylic acid in healthy controls, in patients with Crohn's disease, and in the first-degree relatives of patients with Crohn's disease. Subjects were classified as hyperresponders if their results were above the mean of + 2SD of the controls.

RESULTS:

First-degree relatives had a 110% increase in intestinal permeability after acetylsalicylic acid compared with an increase of 57% in controls (P = 0.001). Thirty-five percent of relatives were classified as hyperresponders. There was no significant difference in the change in sucrose excretion between relatives and controls (259% vs 198%; P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

First-degree relatives of patients with Crohn's disease have an exaggerated increase in intestinal but not gastroduodenal permeability in response to acetylsalicylic acid. This study supports a familial permeability defect in Crohn's disease, which may not be present in all families.

PMID:
8613043
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk