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Fertil Steril. 1996 May;65(5):1044-6.

Geographic variations in sperm counts: a potential cause of bias in studies of semen quality.

Author information

  • 1Department of Urology, Squier Urologic Clinic, Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, New York, New York 10028, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether geographic variations in sperm counts might bias conclusions drawn from studies of semen quality.

DESIGN:

Reanalysis of published data from a meta-analysis of 61 studies from 1938 to 1990 that concluded a worldwide decline in semen quality over the last 50 years.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Influence of geographic location on sperm counts.

RESULTS:

Of 61 studies in the meta-analysis, only 20 included > or = 100 men. These 20 studies collectively comprised 91% of the total men studied. We focused our reanalysis on these 20 studies. Of the studies before 1970, all were from the United States and 80% were from New York. These studies represented locations with the highest sperm counts. In contrast, after 1970, 80% of the studies were from locations not represented earlier, including five studies from third world countries, where sperm counts were low.

CONCLUSIONS:

Sperm counts vary dramatically among different geographic locations.

Comment in

PMID:
8612832
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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