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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996 Apr 2;93(7):2964-8.

Identification of a phospholipase C beta2 region that interacts with Gbeta-gamma.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, University of Rochester, NY 14642, USA.


To delineate the phospholipase C (PLC; EC beta2 sequences involved in interactions with the beta-gamma subunits of G proteins, we prepared a number of mammalian expression plasmids encoding a series of PLC beta2 segments that span the region from the beginning of the X box to the end of the Y box. We found the sequence extending from residue Glu-435 to residue Val-641 inhibited Gbeta-gamma-mediated activation of PLC beta2 in transfected COS-7 cells. This PLC beta2 sequence also inhibited ligand-induced activation of PLC in COS-7 cells cotransfected with cDNAs encoding the complement component C5a receptor and PLC beta2 but not in cells transfected with the alpha1B-adrenergic receptor, suggesting that the PLC beta2 residues (Glu-435 to Val-641) inhibit the Gbeta-gamma-mediated but not the Galpha-mediated effect. The inhibitory effect on Gbeta-gamma-mediated activation of PLC beta2 may be the result of the interaction between Gbeta-gamma and the PLC beta2 fragment. This idea was confirmed by the observation that a fusion protein comprising these residues (Glu-435 to Val-641) of PLC beta2 and glutathione S-transferase (GST) bound to Gbeta-gamma in an in vitro binding assay. The Gbeta-gamma-binding region was further narrowed down to 62 amino acids (residues Leu-580 to Val-641) by testing fusion proteins comprising various PLC beta2 sequences and GST in the in vitro binding assay.

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