Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Nature. 1996 May 2;381(6577):77-80.

Mast cell modulation of neutrophil influx and bacterial clearance at sites of infection through TNF-alpha.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pathology, Barnes-Jewish Hospital, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA.


Although mast cells have been implicated in a variety of inflammatory conditions including immediate hypersensitivity and interstitial cystitis, their physiological role in the body is unknown. We investigated the role of mast cells in host defence against bacterial infections using a well characterized mast-cell-deficiency mouse model. We report here that mast cells, which are selectively located at portals of bacterial entry, are important to host defence. Mast-cell-deficient WBB6F1-W/Wv mice (W/Wv) were up to 20-fold less efficient in clearing enterobacteria than control WBB6F1 +/+ (+/+) mice or mast-cell-reconstituted W/Wv (W/Wv+MC) mice. With higher bacteria inocula, only W/Wv mice died (80%). The limited bacterial clearance in W/Wv mice directly correlated with impaired neutrophil influx. The mast-cell chemoattractant TNF-alpha was implicated in the neutrophil response because TNF-alpha was locally released only in +/+ and W/Wv+MC mice, TNF-alpha-specific antibodies blocked over 70% of the neutrophil influx, and purified mast cells released TNF-alpha upon incubation with bacteria. Additionally, the type-1 fimbrial subunit, FimH, was the necessary enterobacterial component for mast-cell activation and neutrophil influx because an isogenic FimH- mutant evoked a limited neutrophil response in +/+ mice compared to wild-type bacteria.

Comment in

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk