Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Infect Immun. 1996 Apr;64(4):1351-6.

Absence of a prominent Th2 cytokine response in human tuberculosis.

Author information

  • 1Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, USA.


Depressed Th1 responses are a prominent feature of human tuberculosis, but an enhanced Th2 response has not been detected in peripheral blood T cells stimulated in vitro with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In disease due to Mycobacterium leprae, Th2 cells predominate in tissue lesions of patients with extensive disease but are absent from peripheral blood. To determine if Th2 cells are present in tissue lesions of tuberculosis patients, we evaluated patterns of cytokine expression in lymph nodes from tuberculosis patients with or without human immunodeficiency virus infection and in controls without tuberculosis. Gamma interferon and interleukin-10 (IL-10) mRNA expression in tuberculosis patients with or without human immunodeficiency virus infection was high, whereas IL-4 expression in the same patients was low. Immunolabeling studies showed that macrophage production of IL-12 was increased in lymph nodes from tuberculosis patients, that gamma interferon was produced by T cells, and that IL-10 was produced by macrophages rather than Th2 cells. These results indicate that Th2 responses are not enhanced either systemically or at the site of disease in human tuberculosis.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk