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Clin Chem. 1996 Apr;42(4):558-63.

Diagnostic accuracy of hyaluronan and type III procollagen amino-terminal peptide serum assays as markers of liver fibrosis in chronic viral hepatitis C evaluated by ROC curve analysis.

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  • 1Service de Biochimie A, Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Saint-Antoine, Paris, France.

Abstract

Diagnostic accuracy of two serum markers of liver fibrosis, hyaluronan (HA) and amino-terminal peptide of type III procollagen (P-III-P), was studied in a cohort of 326 untreated patients with chronic viral hepatitis C. Both P-III-P (RIA-gnost P-III-P, Behring Diagnostic) and HA (HA-test, Pharmacia) serum concentrations correlated with the histological grades of liver fibrosis (P < 0.001). Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves showed that serum HA had greater diagnostic performance than P-III-P, both for discriminating patients with extensive liver fibrosis from those with no or mild fibrosis (area under the ROC curves: 0.864 vs 0.691, P <0.001) or for discriminating patients with cirrhosis from those without cirrhosis (area under the ROC curves: 0.924 vs 0.734, P <0.001). At cutoff values of 0.8 kU/L for serum P-III-P and 85 micrograms/L for serum HA, sensitivities were 70.0% and 64.5%, and specificities were 63.4% and 91.2%, respectively, for discriminating patients with extensive liver fibrosis from those with no or mild fibrosis. At the cutoff values of 1.0 kU/L for serum P-III-P and 110 micrograms/L for serum HA, sensitivities were 60.0% and 79.2%, and specificities were 74.0% and 89.4%, respectively, for discriminating patients with liver cirrhosis from those without cirrhosis. We conclude that, because the diagnostic accuracy of serum HA is greater than that of serum P-III-P as a marker of liver fibrosis, serum HA should be preferred when monitoring liver fibrosis in patients with chronic viral hepatitis C.

PMID:
8605673
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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