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Biosens Bioelectron. 1996;11(1-2):149-60.

Femtomolar sensitivity using a channel-etched thin film waveguide fluoroimmunosensor.

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  • 1Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708-0281, USA.


A dual channel, evanescent fluoroimmunoassay format is used to detect femtomolar analyte concentrations (i.e. less than 1 part per trillion [w/w]) on an etched channel siliconoxynitride thin film integrated optical waveguide. Two assays are used to demonstrate the dose-response behaviour of the sensor: (1) a direct assay of a fluorescently-labeled protein ligand binding to an immobilized protein receptor, and (2) an indirect sandwich assay of a non-fluorescent protein ligand binding to an immobilized protein receptor, as detected by the binding of a fluorescently-labeled secondary receptor protein. A red-emitting cyanine dye (Cy-5), which minimized background fluorescence and scatter losses of the waveguide, was used in both assays. To our knowledge, this is the first report of femtomolar sensitivity in an immunosensing instrument.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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