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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1996 Jan 31;1278(2):169-75.

Kinetics of phospholipid membrane fusion induced by surfactant apoproteins A and B.

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  • 1Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.

Abstract

Surfactant apoproteins A (SP-A) and B(SP-B) interact with the lipids of surfactant and such protein- lipid interactions may be of importance in several of the steps in the surfactant cycle. We analyzed the kinetics of fusion of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine-phosphatidyglycerol (DPPC:PG; 7:3, w/w) phospholipid vesicles induced by SP-B alone, in the presence of 5 mM calcium, and in the presence of calcium and SP-A. Membrane fusion was measured by the method of resonance energy transfer between non-exchangeable fluorophores incorporated in the membrane. Data were analyzed using a mass action kinetic model for membrane fusion between phospholipid vesicles. We found a SP-B dose-dependent increase in lipid mixing within a range of phospholipid concentration of 5 to 100 micromolar. Calcium caused a small additive increase in lipid mixing, but calcium and SP-A combined markedly increased lipid mixing induced by SP-B. Both aggregation and fusion rate constants increased with an increase in the SP-B/lipid ratio. In the presence of calcium and SP-A, the number of vesicles per fusion product markedly increased, as did the aggregation rate constants, whereas the fusion rate constants remained essentially unchanged.

PMID:
8593273
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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