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Thromb Haemost. 1995 Aug;74(2):778-83.

Relationship between endothelial tissue factor and thrombogenesis under blood flow conditions.

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  • 1Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Hémostase et la Thrombose, Hôpital Purpan, Toulouse, France.


We have evaluated the relationship between the level of tissue factor (TF) expression by stimulated endothelial cells and thrombus formation under blood flow conditions. Cultures of human umbilical venous endothelial cells (HUVECs) were treated in order to express different levels of TF activity. They were stimulated for 4 h with either I) lipopolysaccharides (LPS, 10 micrograms/ml), II) recombinant interleukin 1 beta (IL1 beta, 50 UI/ml) or III) simultaneously with LPS and IL1 beta (LPS+IL1 beta). TF activity was low on confluent HUVECs or on the corresponding extracellular-matrix (ECM prepared by exposure of HUVECs to 0.1 N NH4OH). In contrast, it was high when HUVECs were stimulated with LPS or IL1 beta, and significantly higher (p < 0.05) with LPS+IL1 beta. The TF activity associated with the stimulated ECM was 2-fold higher (p < 0.05) than that expressed on the luminal surface of the stimulated HUVECs, irrespective of the agonist or combination of agonists used. These surfaces were exposed to non-anticoagulated human blood at a venous (50 s-1) and an arterial (650 s-1) wall shear rate in parallel-plate perfusion chambers for 5 min. Thrombus formation was morphologically quantified by measuring the deposition of platelets and fibrin. Fibrin deposition was also immunologically quantified. Fibrin deposition was related to the level of TF expression. Non-stimulated HUVECs and corresponding ECMs were not thrombogenic. The luminal surface of HUVECs stimulated with LPS or IL1 beta alone expressed low levels of TF activity and was a poor inducer of platelet deposition and fibrin deposition (< 15%) at 50 s-1.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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