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Res Commun Mol Pathol Pharmacol. 1995 Oct;90(1):103-14.

Protection by baicalein against ascorbic acid-induced lipid peroxidation of rat liver microsomes.

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  • 1Shenyang College of Pharmacy, P.R. China.


The effect of baicalein (5,6,7-trihydroxy-2-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one), a flavonoid isolated from Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, on lipid peroxidation in rat liver microsomes was studied. Ascorbic acid-induced lipid peroxidation in microsomes obtained from baicalein-treated rats was inhibited by treatment on different days and at different doses. Iron release induced by ascorbic acid from microsomes of baicalein-treated rats was markedly lower than from microsomes of control rats. However, no statistical differences in total, nonheme and nonprotein-bound (free iron) iron contents could be detected in the two microsomes. The degradation of calf thymus DNA, an indicator of free iron existence, was observed in the reactions of microsomes obtained from control and baicalein-treated rats with ascorbic acid in the presence of bleomycin. These results suggest that baicalein can inhibit lipid peroxidation in microsomes induced by ascorbic acid by forming an inert complex of iron.

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