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Mol Biochem Parasitol. 1995 Jul;73(1-2):63-74.

Chromosome specific markers reveal conserved linkage groups in spite of extensive chromosomal size variation in Trypanosoma cruzi.

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  • 1Department of Medical Genetics, University of Uppsala, Sweden.


The karyotypes of three cloned stocks, CL Brener (CL), CA I/72 (CA) and Sylvio X10/7 (X10), of Trypanosoma cruzi were studied by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis followed by ethidium bromide staining and hybridization with 35 different probes, 30 of which identified single chromosomes. The chromosome-specific probes identified between 26 and 31 chromosomal bands in the three cloned stocks, corresponding to 20 unique chromosomes in CL and 19 in CA and X10. Considering the DNA content of the parasite, it was predicted that the markers recognise at least half of all T. cruzi chromosomes. A majority of identified chromosomes showed large differences in size among different strains, in some cases by up to 50%. Interestingly, CL had in general larger chromosomes than the two other studied cloned stocks. Several of the markers showed linkage and nine different linkage groups were identified, each comprising 2-4 markers. The linkage between the markers was maintained in 8 of the 9 linkage groups when a panel comprising 26 different T. cruzi strains representing major T. cruzi populations was tested. One linkage group was found to be maintained in some strains but not in others. This result shows that chromosomal rearrangements occur in the T. cruzi genome, albeit with a low frequency. Repetitive DNA, both non-coding and in one case coding, was more abundant in the cloned stock CL Brener than in CA and X10. The information presented will make it possible to select chromosomes for the construction of physical chromosomal maps required for the T. cruzi genome project.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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