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J Lipid Res. 1995 Oct;36(10):2219-31.

Interactions between adipose tissue around lymph nodes and lymphoid cells in vitro.

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  • 1Department of Biology, Open University, Milton Keynes, United Kingdom.


The functional relationships between lymphoid cells and the adipose tissue that surrounds lymph nodes were investigated in healthy adult guinea pigs. Lymphoid cells extracted from healthy adult guinea pigs were co-cultured for 48 h with adipose tissue explants from 18 sites defined by their anatomical relations to lymph nodes. Such explants from near a node suppressed lymphocyte proliferation stimulated with concanavalin A or lipopolysaccharide more than those from sites 5-10 mm from nodes. Inhibition was almost completely abolished by 500 microU insulin. The presence of lymphoid cells increased lipolysis (measured as glycerol release) in adipose tissue from all depots containing lymph nodes (i.e., except perirenal), especially in the presence of mitogens and with near-node samples from intermuscular and mesenteric depots. Inhibition of lymphocyte proliferation by adipose tissue was proportional to the additional lipolysis stimulated by the presence of lymphoid cells. For all depots except the mesenteric, glycerol release stimulated by lymphoid cells was inversely proportional to spontaneous lipolysis in adipose tissue cultured alone. These experiments demonstrate reciprocal interactions between lymphoid cells and adipose tissue, especially that around lymph nodes. The mediators of the action of adipose tissue on lymphoid cells probably include lipolytic products; mediators of the inverse effects are unknown.

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