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Curr Opin Cell Biol. 1995 Oct;7(5):728-35.

Proteolytic remodeling of extracellular matrix.

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  • 1National Institute of Dental Research, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA.


Matrix metalloproteinases and their natural inhibitors are ingredients of a fundamental cellular toolbox for effecting environmental change. These enzymes enable cells to alter their relationship to the environment by directly cleaving structural macromolecules of the extracellular matrix. In addition, evidence is emerging that they also play an important regulatory role in matrix remodeling by catalyzing the processing of inactive matrix metalloproteinase and cytokine precursors.

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