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Biomed Environ Sci. 1995 Sep;8(3):269-79.

Role of oxidative stress in non-genotoxic carcinogenesis with special reference to liver tumors induced by peroxisome proliferators.

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  • 1Division of Toxicology, National Institute of Health Sciences, Tokyo, Japan.


Peroxisome proliferators (POPs), such as hypolipidemic drugs or industrial phthalate ester plasticizers, are widely known as non-genotoxic hepatocarcinogens in rodents. As one of the possible mechanisms of POP-induced carcinogenesis, the "Oxidative Stress" theory has been postulated. In this review, in order to reconsider the significance of "Oxidative Stress" to POP-induced carcinogenesis, we focus on in vivo studies examining formation of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OH-dG), a marker of oxidative DNA damage with mutagenic potential, after treatment of rodents with POPs. Some studies clearly demonstrated that 8-OH-dG levels in the liver DNA were increased by POP-treatments. These findings suggest that "Oxidative Stress" could contribute as one factor to POP-induced carcinogenesis. Furthermore, we refer to other multiple biological changes caused by POP-treatment presumably contributing to the carcinogenic mechanisms, and consider possible roles of "Oxidative Stress" in the carcinogenesis process.

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