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Semin Perinatol. 1995 Aug;19(4):330-40.

Preventive interventions with low birth weight premature infants: an evaluation of their success.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA.

Abstract

The outcome literature on low birthweight (LBW) premature children indicates that they are at risk for a variety of neurodevelopmental impairments throughout childhood. To prevent such disabilities, numerous interventions have been initiated with LBW children. Nineteen intervention programs designed for LBW preterms that have published study results dating from 1971 are reviewed. Included are interventions in the neonatal nursery, at home, and at centers as well as interventions that are both child-focused and parent-focused. One randomized clinical trial evaluating comprehensive intervention services, the Infant Health and Development Program, is described in detail. Conclusions from the studies reviewed indicate that intervention programs have had only modest success in altering neurodevelopmental outcomes, although parent-child interaction has often been facilitated. Future research on the effects of preventive intervention needs to examine long-term developmental competencies and to replicate positive findings in multiple settings.

PMID:
8560300
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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