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J Cell Biol. 1995 Dec;131(6 Pt 2):1715-26.

Characterization of a cis-Golgi matrix protein, GM130.

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  • 1Cell Biology Laboratory, Imperial Cancer Research Fund, London, UK.

Abstract

Antisera raised to a detergent- and salt-resistant matrix fraction from rat liver Golgi stacks were used to screen an expression library from rat liver cDNA. A full-length clone was obtained encoding a protein of 130 kD (termed GM130), the COOH-terminal domain of which was highly homologous to a Golgi human auto-antigen, golgin-95 (Fritzler et al., 1993). Biochemical data showed that GM130 is a peripheral cytoplasmic protein that is tightly bound to Golgi membranes and part of a larger oligomeric complex. Predictions from the protein sequence suggest that GM130 is an extended rod-like protein with coiled-coil domains. Immunofluorescence microscopy showed partial overlap with medial- and trans-Golgi markers but almost complete overlap with the cis-Golgi network (CGN) marker, syntaxin5. Immunoelectron microscopy confirmed this location showing that most of the GM130 was located in the CGN and in one or two cisternae on the cis-side of the Golgi stack. GM130 was not re-distributed to the ER in the presence of brefeldin A but maintained its overlap with syntaxin5 and a partial overlap with the ER-Golgi intermediate compartment marker, p53. Together these results suggest that GM130 is part of a cis-Golgi matrix and has a role in maintaining cis-Golgi structure.

PMID:
8557739
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2120691
Free PMC Article
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