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Oncol Res. 1995;7(3-4):157-63.

IL-10 blocks collagen IV invasion by "invasion stimulating factor" activated PC-3 ML cells: upregulation of TIMP-1 expression.

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  • 1Medical Colleges of Pennsylvania, Department of Pathology, Philadelphia 19129, USA.


We have previously shown that a 78-kDa "invasion stimulating factor" (ISF) triggers collagenase IV (MMP-2) secretion and the invasive behavior of metastatic PC-3 ML subclones in modified Boyden chamber assays [Stearns, M. E.; Stearns, M. Autocrine factors, type IV collagenase secretion and prostatic cancer cell invasion. Cancer Metastasis Rev. 12:39-52; 1993. Wang, M.; Stearns, M.; Stearns, M. E. Identification of the receptor for a novel M(r) 78,000 "invasion stimulating factor" from metastatic human prostatic PC-3 ML clones. Cancer Res. 54:2492-2495; 1994.]. Recently, we have shown that interleukin 10 (IL-10) preferentially stimulates tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) production in these cells [Wang, M.; Stearns, M. E. Characterization of a novel TIMP-1 enhancer element. J. Biol. Chem., submitted.]. In this paper, we report that IL-10 (20-40 ng) can inhibit the invasion stimulatory effects of ISF (30-60 ng) on PC-3 ML cells. "Checkerboard analysis" with modified Boyden chambers (precoated with 10 and 100 micrograms collagen IV) shows that IL-10 inhibits the stimulatory effects of ISF on both cell motility and chemoinvasion processes. In support of these data, exogenously supplied TIMP-1 (10 micrograms/ml) and collagenase antibodies (1:200 dilution) both completely blocked invasion. Quantitative ELISAs comparing the molar ratios of TIMP-1:MMP-2 and TIMP-2:MMP-2 further demonstrate that IL-10 (10-40 ng) preferentially activates TIMP-1 secretion to increase the molar ratio of TIMP-1:MMP-2 in the presence of increasing amounts of ISF (0-60 ng). IL-10 did not elevate TIMP-2 secretion or influence the molar ratio of TIMP-2:MMP-2.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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