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J Biol Chem. 1996 Jan 5;271(1):120-3.

Characterization of a CO-responsive transcriptional activator from Rhodospirillum rubrum.

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  • 1Department of Bacteriology, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706, USA.


In Rhodospirillum rubrum, CO induces the expression of at least two transcripts that encode an enzyme system for CO oxidation. This regulon is positively regulated by CooA, which is a member of the cAMP receptor protein family of transcriptional regulators. The transcriptional start site of one of the transcripts (cooFSCTJ) has been identified by primer extension. The ability of CooA to bind to this promoter in vitro was characterized with DNase I footprinting experiments using extracts of a CooA-overproducing strain. CooA- and CO-dependent protection was observed for a region with 2-fold symmetry (5'-TGTCA-N6-CGACA) that is highly similar to the consensus core motifs recognized by cAMP receptor protein/FNR family. In vivo analysis in a heterologous background indicates that CooA is sufficient for CO-dependent expression, implicating it as the likely CO sensor.

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