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Anal Biochem. 1995 Jul 20;229(1):35-41.

Enzyme-linked hyaluronectin: a unique reagent for hyaluronan assay and tissue location and for hyaluronidase activity detection.

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  • 1Laboratoire d'Oncologie Mol├ęculaire, Centre Henri-Becquerel, Rouen, France.


Several techniques for assaying and localizing hyaluronan (HA), all based on the affinity to hyaluronan of proteins isolated from cartilage, chondrosarcoma, or brain, have been proposed. We show here that a unique reagent, alkaline phosphatase-linked hyaluronectin, can be used to assay hyaluronan in biological fluids or tissue extracts (enzyme-linked sorbent assay method) and to characterize it in cells or tissue sections in two steps: reagent incubation and staining. Results of assays in biological fluids or tissue extracts showed a good correlation with results of the previously described technique using antibodies to detect hyaluronectin bound to a plastic microtest plate (B. Delpech et al., 1985, Anal. Biochem. 149, 555-565) for both low concentrations (< 1 mg/liter, r = 0.973, P < 0.001) and high concentrations (> 1 mg/liter, r = 0.953, P < 0.001). The interassay variations were 8.5% when the assay was performed at 4 degrees C and 18.5% at 37 degrees C. The intraassay variations under those conditions were, respectively, 14.4 and 6.5%. Tissue HA could be detected easily with the reagent, as shown in fetal tissues and in tumors. Specificity of the reaction was controlled either by blocking the reagent with an excess of hyaluronan (which was not possible with other glycosaminoglycans) or by destroying tissue hyaluronan with streptomyces hyaluronidase. Alkaline phosphatase-linked hyaluronectin was also used to assay hyaluronidase activity in several biological fluids. One-hour incubation of hyaluronidase preparations on HA-coated plates made it possible to detect as low as 1 mU bovine testis hyaluronidase and 0.1 mTRU streptomyces hyaluronidase. Four-hour incubation made it possible to detect activity in a 1/12,500 dilution of human serum.

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