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Protein Eng. 1995 Jun;8(6):601-8.

A combinatorial library of an alpha-helical bacterial receptor domain.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

The construction and characterization of a combinatorial library of a solvent-exposed surface of an alpha-helical domain derived from a bacterial receptor is described. Using a novel solid-phase approach, the library was assembled in a directed and successive manner utilizing single-stranded oligonucleotides containing multiple random substitutions for the variegated segments of the gene fragment. The simultaneous substitution of 13 residues to all 20 possible amino acids was carried out in a region spanning 81 nucleotides. The randomization was made in codons for amino acids that were modelled to be solvent accessible at a surface made up from two of the three alpha-helices of a monovalent Fc-binding domain of staphylococcal protein A. After cloning of the PCR-amplified library into a phagemid vector adapted for phage display of the mutants, DNA sequencing analysis suggested a random distribution of codons in the mutagenized positions. Four members of the library with multiple substitutions were produced in Escherichia coli as fusions to an albumin-binding affinity tag derived from streptococcal protein G. The fusion proteins were purified by human serum albumin affinity chromatography and subsequently characterized by SDS-electrophoresis, CD spectroscopy and biosensor analysis. The analyses showed that the mutant protein A derivatives could all be secreted as soluble full-length proteins. Furthermore, the CD analysis showed that all mutants, except one with a proline introduced into helix 2, have secondary structures in close agreement with the wild-type domain. These results proved that members of this alpha-helical receptor library with multiple substitutions in the solvent-exposed surface remain stable and soluble in E. coli.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID:
8532685
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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