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J Am Coll Nutr. 1995 Oct;14(5):463-72.

Iron and zinc status of young women aged 14 to 19 years consuming vegetarian and omnivorous diets.

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  • 1Division of Applied Human Nutrition, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the iron and zinc status of young females, aged 14 to 19 years, consuming vegetarian and omnivorous diets.

METHODS:

Dietary intakes (via 3-day weighed food records), BMI, and laboratory indices of iron and zinc status were compared in a convenience sample of 79 lacto-ovo-vegetarians (LOV), 16 semi-vegetarians (SV), and 29 omnivorous (OM) females.

RESULTS:

Twenty-nine percent LOV, 44% SV, and 17% OM had low iron stores (i.e., plasma ferritin < 12 micrograms/L); only 3% had anemia. As well, 24% LOV, 33% SV, and 18% OM had serum zinc < 10.71 mumol/L and 14% LOV, 14% SV, and 17% OM had hair zinc < 1.68 mumol/g. Intakes of iron and ascorbic acid from the weighed food records were associated with serum iron (p < 0.04) and total iron binding capacity (negatively; p < 0.02), respectively, whereas Phy:Zn molar ratios were associated with serum zinc (negatively; p < 0.04). Z-scores for BMI were associated with serum zinc (p < 0.02) and diet type (p < 0.001); serum AP activity was associated with age (p < 0.0001) and oral contraceptive use (p < 0.04).

CONCLUSIONS:

Suboptimal iron and zinc status was attributed to low intakes of poorly available iron and zinc in all dietary groups.

PMID:
8522725
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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