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Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1993 May;37(5):980-3.

Selective inhibition of the bacterial translocase reaction in peptidoglycan synthesis by mureidomycins.

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  • 1Fermentation Research Laboratories, Sankyo Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

Mureidomycins (MRDs) A and C inhibited strongly the formation of undecaprenyl pyrophosphoryl N-acetylmuramyl-pentapeptide (lipid intermediate I), which is an intermediate in bacterial peptidoglycan synthesis (50% inhibitory concentration [IC50] of MRD A, 0.05 microgram/ml). However, they did not inhibit the formation of dolichyl pyrophosphoryl N-acetylglucosamine (Dol-p-p-GlcNAc), dolichyl phosphoryl glucose, or dolichyl phosphoryl mannose, the precursors for mammalian glycoprotein synthesis, or the formation in Bacillus subtilis of lipid-linked N-acetylglucosamine for teichoic acid synthesis (IC50s, > 100 micrograms/ml). In contrast, tunicamycin (TCM) inhibited strongly the formation of Dol-p-p-GlcNAc (IC50, 0.03 microgram/ml) but inhibited weakly the formation of bacterial lipid intermediate I (IC50, 44 micrograms/ml). When the effects of MRDs A and C and TCM on the growth of mammalian cells were compared, MRDs did not show any toxicity, even at 1,000 micrograms/ml, whereas TCM inhibited the growth of BALB/3T3 cells at 10 micrograms/ml. On the basis of these results, it was concluded that MRDs are the first specific and potent inhibitors of the translocase reaction in bacterial peptidoglycan synthesis, showing a high level of toxicity against bacteria and a low level of toxicity against mammalian cells. A specific inhibitor of translocase could be a potent antibiotic with highly selective toxicity.

PMID:
8517724
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC187869
Free PMC Article
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