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Blood. 1993 Jun 1;81(11):2925-35.

Biochemical, immunological, and in vivo functional characterization of B-domain-deleted factor VIII.

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  • 1Genetics Institute, Inc., Cambridge, MA 02140.


Coagulation factor VIII (FVIII) is a cofactor in the intrinsic pathway of blood coagulation for which deficiency results in the bleeding disorder hemophilia A. FVIII contains a domain structure of A1-A2-B-A3-C1-C2 of which the B domain is dispensable for procoagulant activity in vitro. In this report, we compare the properties of B-domain-deleted FVIII (residues 760 through 1639, designated LA-VIII) to wildtype recombinant FVIII. In transfected Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, LA-VIII was expressed at a 10- to 20-fold greater level compared with wildtype FVIII. The specific activity of purified LA-VIII was indistinguishable from wild-type recombinant FVIII and both exhibited similar thrombin activation coefficients. Wildtype recombinant-derived FVIII and LA-VIII also displayed similar timecourses of thrombin activation and heavy chain cleavage. However, compared with wildtype recombinant-derived FVIII, the light chain of LA-VIII was cleaved fivefold more rapidly by thrombin. Addition of purified von Willebrand factor (vWF) did not alter the kinetics of thrombin cleavage or activation of either wildtype recombinant-derived FVIII or LA-VIII. The immunogenicity of LA-VIII was compared with wildtype FVIII in a novel model of neonatal tolerance induction in mice. The results did not detect any immunologic differences between wildtype FVIII and LA-VIII, suggesting that LA-VIII does not contain significant new epitopes that are absent in wildtype FVIII. LA-VIII was tolerated well on infusion into FVIII-deficient dogs and was able to correct the cuticle bleeding time similar to wildtype recombinant factor VIII. In vivo, LA-VIII was bound to canine vWF and exhibited a half-life similar to wildtype recombinant FVIII. These studies support that B-domain-deleted FVIII may be efficacious in treatment of hemophilia A in humans.

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